Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs: The comprehensive utilization of crop straw reached 88.1% in 2021

Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs released the Report on the Comprehensive Utilization of crop straw in China (hereinafter referred to as the Report). According to the report, the comprehensive utilization rate of crop straw increased steadily across the country. In 2021, 647 million tons of crop straw was used nationwide, with the comprehensive utilization rate reaching 88.1%, an increase of 3.4 percentage points over 2018.

Since 2019, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has set up a national straw resource account covering 13 major crops in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central government) and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, covering 2,963 county-level units that produce straw, 34,000 market players that use straw, and 343,000 sampled households.

Based on the ledger data, the report analyzed the basic situation and development trend of straw utilization in China.

The ecological benefits of straw returning to the field gradually appeared. In 2021, 400 million tons of straw will be returned to the fields, including 126 million tons of corn, 113 million tons of rice and 104 million tons of wheat, accounting for 42.6 percent, 66.5 percent and 73.7 percent of the total recoverable amount, respectively.

The efficiency of straw removal from the field has been continuously improved. In 2021, the utilization rate of straw from the field reached 33.4%. The amount of feed chemical utilization reached 132 million tons, and the utilization rate of feed chemical utilization reached 18%, 3.7 percentage points higher than that of 2018. The use of fuel was kept at over 60 million tons. The utilization of base and raw materials reached 12.08 million tons.

Breakthroughs have been made in the market-oriented use of straw. In 2021, there were 34,000 straw utilization market players in China, 7,747 more than in 2018, among which 1,718 had an annual utilization of more than 10,000 tons, 268 more than in 2018. Feed chemical utilization accounted for the highest proportion of 76.9%, fertilizer, fuel, base material and raw material utilization accounted for 7.8%, 8.9%, 3.8% and 2.6% respectively.

The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said that in the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will continue to adhere to the direction of "agricultural use mainly and multiple utilization", guide all localities to strengthen the top-level design based on the local resource endowment, farming characteristics and industrial status quo, coordinate the scientific and efficient utilization of straw back to the field, and promote the comprehensive utilization of straw to a new level.